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dc.contributor.authorGuimaraes, Thais Rafael
dc.contributor.authorDawson, Rebecca S.
dc.date.accessioned2016-12-21T15:55:55Z
dc.date.available2016-12-21T15:55:55Z
dc.date.issued2016-06
dc.identifier.citationGuimaraes, T.R., and Dawson, R.S. (2016). Seasonality of ER Admissions in Northwestern Pennsylvania: A cross-sectional study. Open Journal of Emergency Medicine 4, 45-52. doi:10.4236/ojem.2016.42007en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10456/42207
dc.description.abstractSeasonality, in the context of emergency room (ER) admissions, can be described as the periodic incidence of disease, corresponding to seasons, or other pre-established calendar periods. Respiratory diseases, in general, show a seasonal pattern with incidence peak at the winter season, however research still presents a considerable amount of inconsistency. Incidence of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) is also very well linked to the cold season. Gastrointestinal, genitourinary and neurological diseases are poorly studied in regards their seasonal patterns. This study aimed to assess seasonality of the five categories of diseases–respiratory, cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, genitourinary, and neurological-using data from a community hospital in northwestern PA. We analyzed 14 years (2000-2014) of data from the Meadville Medical Center (MMC) ER admissions. For each ER admission case, we had information about ICD-9 code, sex, insurance, race, age and date, time and year of admission. Statistical analyses were performed using SAS 9.4 University version software. We found significantly fewer cases of respiratory diseases in spring (OR = 0.757), summer (OR = 0.579), and fall (OR = 0.741), when comparing to the winter season; however, seasonal differences were not found for cardiovascular, genitourinary, and neurological diseases. The implications of these results will primarily be used to improve Meadville’s public health policies for cold seasons, and more specifically, implement programs that prepare the ER to receive and treat respiratory cases more efficiently in the cold season.en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherScientific Research Publishingen_US
dc.relation.ispartofOpen Journal of Emergency Medicineen_US
dc.relation.isversionofhttp://dx.doi.org/10.4236/ojem.2016.42007en_US
dc.rightsOpen Accessen_US
dc.subjectSeasonalityen_US
dc.subjectEmergency Roomen_US
dc.subjectMeadvilleen_US
dc.subjectRespiratory Diseaseen_US
dc.subjectWinteren_US
dc.titleSeasonality of ER admissions in Northwestern Pennsylvania: A cross-sectional studyen_US
dc.description.versionPublished articleen_US
dc.contributor.departmentGlobal Health Studiesen_US
dc.citation.volume4en_US
dc.citation.issue1en_US
dc.citation.spage45en_US
dc.citation.epage52en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.4236/ojem.2016.42007
dc.contributor.avlauthorDawson, Rebecca S.


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