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dc.contributor.authorDarrouzet-Nardi, Amelia F.
dc.contributor.authorMasters, William A.
dc.date.accessioned2017-02-09T17:02:03Z
dc.date.available2017-02-09T17:02:03Z
dc.date.issued2017-01-03
dc.identifier.citationDarrouzet-Nardi, A. and Masters, W.A. (2017). Nutrition Smoothing: Can Proximity to Towns and Cities Protect Rural Children against Seasonal Variation in Agroclimatic Conditions at Birth? PLos One: 1-21. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0168759en_US
dc.identifier.issn1932-6203
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10456/42431
dc.description.abstractA large literature links early-life environmental shocks to later outcomes. This paper uses seasonal variation across the Democratic Republic of the Congo to test for nutrition smoothing, defined here as attaining similar height, weight and mortality outcomes despite different agroclimatic conditions at birth. We find that gaps between siblings and neighbors born at different times of year are larger in more remote rural areas, farther from the equator where there are greater seasonal differences in rainfall and temperature. For those born at adverse times in places with pronounced seasonality, the gains associated with above-median proximity to nearby towns are similar to rising one quintile in the national distribution of household wealth for mortality, and two quintiles for attained height. Smoothing of outcomes could involve a variety of mechanisms to be addressed in future work, including access to food markets, health services, public assistance and temporary migration to achieve more uniform dietary intake, or less exposure and improved recovery from seasonal diseases.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThe first author’s work on this project was financially supported by U.S. Borlaug Fellowship in Global Food Security (Award No.12065162), and the second author’s work was supported by the United States Agency for International Development through the Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Nutrition (grant number AID-OAA-L-1 00005) and the Feed the Future Policy Impact Study Consortium (subaward under USDA Cooperative Agreement TA-CA-15-008), as well as the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation through the International Food Policy Research Institute (project number 301052.001.001.515.01.01).en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherPLOS Oneen_US
dc.relation.ispartofPLos Oneen_US
dc.relation.isversionofhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0168759en_US
dc.rightsThis is an open access article, free of all copyright, and may be freely reproduced, distributed, transmitted, modified, built upon, or otherwise used by anyone for any lawful purpose. The work is made available under the Creative Commons CC0 public domain dedication.en_US
dc.subjectNutrition smoothingen_US
dc.subjectagroclimatic conditionsen_US
dc.titleNutrition Smoothing: Can Proximity to Towns and Cities Protect Rural Children against Seasonal Variation in Agroclimatic Conditions at Birth?en_US
dc.description.versionPublished articleen_US
dc.contributor.departmentGlobal Health Studiesen_US
dc.citation.spage1en_US
dc.citation.epage21en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1371/journal.pone.0168759
dc.contributor.avlauthorDarrouzet-Nardi, Amelia F.


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