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dc.contributor.authorGallie, Jonathan A.
dc.contributor.authorMumme, Ronald L.
dc.contributor.authorWissinger, Scott A.
dc.date.accessioned2017-03-23T15:26:53Z
dc.date.available2017-03-23T15:26:53Z
dc.date.issued2001-09-01
dc.identifier.citationGallie, J.A., Mumme, R.L., and Wissinger, S.A. (2001). Experience has no effect on the development of chemosensory recognition of predators by tadpoles of the American toad, Bufo Americanus. Herpetologica 57(3): 376-383.en_US
dc.identifier.issn0018-0831
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10456/42580
dc.description.abstractABSTRACT: Although chemosensory recognition of predators by larval amphibians is well known, the extent to which experience plays a role in the development of this anti-predator behavior is unclear. We addressed this issue by exposing laboratory-reared (naive) and wild-caught (experienced) tadpoles of the American toad, Bufo americanus, to water-borne chemical cues of three different potential predators (bluegill sunfish, Lepomis macrochirus, larvae of the odonate Anax junius, and adults of the red-spotted newt, Notophthalmus viridescens). Compared to control tadpoles exposed to dechlorinated water, tadpoles exposed to chemical cues of Lepomis and Anax significantly de- creased activity and significantly increased aggregation. However, the behavior of tadpoles exposed to chemical cues of Notophthalmus was identical to that of control tadpoles. Most importantly, we found no difference in anti-predator behavior between laboratory-reared and wild-caught tadpoles. We conclude that larval experience with predators is unnecessary for the development of chemo- sensory predator recognition and that anti-predator behavior in this species is largely innate.en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherThe Herpetologists' League, Inc.en_US
dc.relation.ispartofHerpetologicaen_US
dc.relation.isversionofhttp://www.jstor.org/stable/3893103en_US
dc.rightsThis article is restricted by copyright. Please contact the publisher or author for access.en_US
dc.subjectAnti-predatory behavioren_US
dc.subjecttadpolesen_US
dc.subjectBufo Americanusen_US
dc.subjectchemical cuesen_US
dc.subjectchemosensationen_US
dc.subjectpredator recognitionen_US
dc.subjectAnaxen_US
dc.subjectLepomisen_US
dc.subjectNotophthalmusen_US
dc.titleExperience has no effect on the development of chemosensory recognition of predators by tadpoles of the American toad, Bufo Americanus.en_US
dc.description.versionPublished articleen_US
dc.contributor.departmentBiologyen_US
dc.citation.volume57en_US
dc.citation.issue3en_US
dc.citation.spage376en_US
dc.citation.epage383en_US
dc.contributor.avlauthorWissinger, Scott A.


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