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dc.contributor.authorRoe, Brian E.
dc.contributor.authorQi, Danyi
dc.contributor.authorBender, Kathryn E.
dc.contributor.authorHilty, Julia
dc.date.accessioned2020-08-27T14:52:05Z
dc.date.available2020-08-27T14:52:05Z
dc.date.issued2019-12-15
dc.identifier.citationRoe, B.E.; Qi, D.; Bender, K.E.; Hilty, J. Industry versus Government Regulation of Food Date Labels: Observed Adherence to Industry-Endorsed Phrases. Sustainability 2019, 11, 7183.en_US
dc.identifier.issn2071-1050
dc.identifier.urihttps://dspace.allegheny.edu/handle/10456/50969
dc.description.abstractA leading factor in the creation of avoidable household food waste is confusion about food date labels. In the United States, date labels are largely unregulated, resulting in a plethora of date label phrases used in commerce. Federal regulation has been proposed but never passed, while both industry and government have provided voluntary guidance on preferred label phrases. We study food producer adherence to the label phrases endorsed by the Trading Partner Alliance (TPA, an industry group), which includes “Use By” for perishable products subject to a material degradation of critical performance or potential food safety concern and “Best If Used By” for all other packaged foods. Based on three studies conducted between the fall of 2018 and the summer of 2019 that use two distinct measurement methodologies, we find adherence to be less than 50% and to differ by product category, retailer, region, and brand type (store versus national brands). We find numerous dry goods and other foods that are better suited to the “Best If Used By” phrase instead feature the “Use By” phrase. This misapplication of phrases to products and the low TPA phrase adherence rate suggests that practices as of the summer of 2019 may still contribute to consumer confusion about date labels and to inadvertent food discard. We explore possible reasons why our estimated adherence rate is lower than industry reported figures and discuss tradeoffs between government regulation and industry self-regulation.en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherMDPIen_US
dc.relation.ispartofSustainabilityen_US
dc.relation.isversionofhttps://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/11/24/7183en_US
dc.rightsThis is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly citeden_US
dc.subjectfood wasteen_US
dc.subjectfood date labelsen_US
dc.subjectself-regulationen_US
dc.subjectfood packagesen_US
dc.subjectquality datesen_US
dc.subjectsafety datesen_US
dc.titleIndustry versus Government Regulation of Food Date Labels: Observed Adherence to Industry-Endorsed Phrasesen_US
dc.description.versionPublished articleen_US
dc.contributor.departmentEconomicsen_US
dc.citation.volume11en_US
dc.citation.issue24en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/su11247183
dc.contributor.avlauthorBender, Kathryn E.


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