Contrasting short- and long-term outcomes of pairwise interactions between caddisflies at a hydrologically heterogeneous range margin

dc.citation.epage211
dc.citation.issue2
dc.citation.spage202
dc.citation.volume68
dc.contributor.authorShepard, Isaac D.
dc.contributor.authorWissinger, Scott A.
dc.contributor.authorGreig, Hamish S.
dc.contributor.avlauthorWissinger, Scott A.
dc.contributor.departmentEnvironmental Science and Sustainability
dc.date.accessioned2024-06-05T16:00:36Z
dc.date.available2024-06-05T16:00:36Z
dc.date.issued2023-02-01
dc.description.abstract1. Climate change is leading many species to shift their geographical ranges. Species undergoing these range shifts often are moving into areas with heterogeneous abiotic conditions. Additionally, these range-shifting species will encounter resident species with whom they will compete for space and/or resources. However, the ways that these abiotic and biotic factors interact to influence the establishment and persistence of range-shifting species has received little attention. 2. Here, we conduct an in situ cage experiment examining how a local wetland hydroperiod gradient (i.e., temporary and semi-permanent ponds) and competition with a resident caddisfly species, Asynarchus nigriculus, influences the survival of the range-shifting species Limnephilus picturatus. We then use long-term survey data of population densities of these two species to determine whether pairwise interactions observed in the cage experiment translated into long-term dynamics. 3. The cage experiment revealed that A. nigriculus had a strong, negative effect on the survival of the range-shifting species L. picturatus, regardless of hydroperiod. However, we observed no relationship between the densities or occurrence of L. picturatus and A. nigriculus in long-term data for either temporary or semi-permanent ponds. 4. Our results suggest that landscape-level abiotic heterogeneity at range margins may not always be important for mediating antagonistic interactions between resident and range-shifting species. However, although an interaction appears ecologically significant in short-term field studies, broader context is needed to understand whether those types of interactions mediate species' distributions and abundance through time. 5. At face-value, our results from the field experiment and long-term data analysis did not align. This suggests that other factors such as additional competitive or trophic interactions may be more important drivers behind the population dynamics of this range-shifting species at its new upper-elevational limit.
dc.identifier.citationShepard, I. D., Wissinger, S. A., & Greig, H. S. (2023). Contrasting short- and long-term outcomes of pairwise interactions between caddisflies at a hydrologically heterogeneous range margin. Freshwater Biology, 68, 202–211. https://doi.org/10.1111/fwb.14017
dc.identifier.doi10.1111/fwb.14017
dc.identifier.issn0046-5070
dc.identifier.issn1365-2427
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10456/58182
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.publisherWiley
dc.relation.ispartofFreshwater Biology
dc.relation.isversionofhttps://doi.org/10.1111/fwb.14017
dc.subjectCompetition
dc.subjectRange-shifts
dc.subjectSpecies interactions
dc.subjectTemporal dynamics
dc.subjectTrichoptera
dc.titleContrasting short- and long-term outcomes of pairwise interactions between caddisflies at a hydrologically heterogeneous range margin
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