Grassland Bird Conservation in Agricultural Hayfields

ac.comp.abstractDespite the implementation of federal habitat conservation programs like the Conservation Reserve Program and Wildlife Habitat Incentive Program, North American grassland bird populations continue to decline. As the goals of these programs do not require economic viability, grassland conservation often fails to integrate high-quality bird habitat and profitable agriculture. This study analyzes the grassland bird populations and hayfield management of seven farms in New York and Pennsylvania though hayfield surveys of bird populations and crop composition, as well as survey site characteristics and cropping phenology. Bobolink, Savannah Sparrow, and Red-winged Blackbird densities were greatest in fields dominated by Timothy and Red Clover, as well as in fields with high plant species abundance. Conversely, fields dominated by Orchardgrass had lower bird densities. Timothy-dominated fields were mowed later than Orchardgrass-dominated fields. Mowing displaced Bobolinks and Red-winged Blackbirds, though not Savannah Sparrows. I developed best management practices based on these results, in order to integrate successful bird reproduction and crop production in the region’s agricultural hayfields.en_US
ac.comp.firstreaderMumme, Ronald L.
ac.comp.languageEnglishen_US
ac.comp.permissionformPublicen_US
ac.comp.secondreadersChoate, Beth
dc.contributor.authorMcNeill, Noah
dc.contributor.departmentBiologyen_US
dc.contributor.departmentEnvironmental Science / Studiesen_US
dc.date.accessioned2016-01-06T16:56:51Z
dc.date.available2016-01-06T16:56:51Z
dc.date.issued2015-12-18
dc.description.majorBiologyen_US
dc.description.majorEnvironmental Scienceen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10456/40602
dc.subjectbirden_US
dc.subjecthayfielden_US
dc.subjectfarmen_US
dc.subjectagricultureen_US
dc.subjectconservationen_US
dc.subjectgrasslanden_US
dc.titleGrassland Bird Conservation in Agricultural Hayfieldsen_US
dc.typeSenior Project Paperen_US
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